In recent decades, the nuclear industry has become increasingly global, with companies and technologies flowing across borders. An early provision in nuclear law limits the ability of US allies to invest in nuclear innovation in the US. Repealing that provision, or allowing an exception for close allies, can unlock financing and other collaborations to enable the US nuclear sector to remain globally competitive.

This report identifies some of the challenges that have been apparent in NEPA reviews of commercial nuclear energy projects. It makes several policy and operational recommendations that would support more efficient review for first-of-a-kind advanced nuclear demonstration projects while still protecting the environment.